Abuse is the violation of a person's human and civil rights by any person or persons. More than one type of abuse may be happening at the same time:
Discriminatory: is when someone treats a person differently because of who they are or because of their gender, race, sexual orientation, religion, age and disability.
Psychological: is when a person scares another person and includes emotional abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, cyber bullying, isolation or unreasonable and unjustified withdrawal of services or supportive networks.
Financial and material: is the use of a person's property, assets, income, funds or any resources without their informed consent or authorisation.
Organisational (formerly known as institutional): is the mistreatment, abuse or neglect of an adult by a regime or individual within services, which including neglect and poor care practice within an institution or specific care setting such as a hospital or care home, for example, or in relation to care provided in one’s own home. This may range from one off incidents to on-going ill-treatment. It can be through neglect or poor professional practice as a result of the structure, policies, processes and practices within an organisation.
Neglect and acts of omission: is when someone does not give a person the things they need.
Physical: is when someone hurts another person.
Sexual: is someone performing acts of a sexual type to another person when they do not want them to or cannot agree to. This includes non sexual contact abuse. This is when someone witnesses others performing sexual acts on others.
Domestic violence: As defined by the Home office in 2013:
- Incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse... by someone who is or has been an intimate partner or family member regardless of gender or sexuality.
- Includes: psychological, physical, sexual, financial, emotional abuse; so called ‘honour’ based violence; Female Genital Mutilation; forced marriage.
Age range extended down to 16.
Modern slavery: encompasses slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude. Traffickers and slave masters use whatever means they have at their disposal to coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, servitude and inhumane treatment.
Self neglect: this covers a wide range of behaviour neglecting to care for one’s personal hygiene, health or surroundings and includes behaviour such as hoarding
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